Kadam (Burflower Tree)
Common BurFlower or Leichhardt pine scientifically known as Neolamarckia cadamba is a large, evergreen tree with beautiful & unique flowers. It is a fast growing tree with a broad crown and is even planted sacredly near temples. May is the month when the kadamba tree yields fruit so the tree is also called May tree. Apart from Kadamba tree it is also known as burflower tree, laran, Leichhardt pine, kadam, Chinese anthocephalus, White jabon, wild cinchona and Wildcinchona tree.Kadamba tree is an evergreen, tropical tree that can reach up to 45 m (148 ft.) in height. Kadamba (Neolamarckia Cadamba) is an ayurvedic medicine used for treating diabetes. It is also beneficial for the management of infections caused by a range of organisms. This herb is known to possess strong medicinal properties, which help to improve the health of the person.
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Indigenous to the warmer parts of India.It grows to 15-20 m tall. Branches are horizontal, leaves large, shining, opposite, elliptic, oblong. Large deciduous tree. Golden balls of yellow flowers are borne in rounded inflorescence a little smaller then a tennis ball.
- Graceful tree is a admired for golden balls of flowers. Acidic but pleasantly flavored fruit.Fruit is relished by monkeys, bats and birds. Flowers offered in temples.Woman decorate their coiffures with kadam flowers which have a delicate scent.
- Growing up to 3 m a year, valued for matchwood or plywood. This is the kadamba tree popularly associated with Krishna. Krishna dancing with Radha and his favorite Gopis under this tree is a favorite theme of the Krishna Radha legend and is often represented in miniature painting. This association makes the tree sacred to Hindus.
- It grows best in warm and humid climate and rich loamy soil.
- The growth is rapid in the first 6-8 years and the tree attains maximum size in about 20 years.
- Flowers appear from June to August.
- Tree comes to flowering when 4-5 years old.
- Planted near houses and road sides as a shade tree.
- One of the most frequently planted tree in the tropics.
- Kadamba leaves may develop yellowing due to iron deficiency in very alkaline poorly drained soils.